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Why the Reason for a Stop is Critical to Your DWI Case

The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees the rights of the people to be free from unreasonable searches and seizures.  The Fourth Amendment protects against arbitrary arrests and is the basis of the law on search warrants, wiretaps, and other privacy law. It  is a central concern of criminal prosecution and defense. For a DWI case, the Fourth Amendment's protection from arbitrary arrests applies to the reason why a police officer stopped a vehicle. An officer will stop a vehicle for some suspected violation of the Vehicle and Traffic Law, for example...

The Right Trial Counsel is Critical on DWI Appeal

Skilled trial counsel is essential at every stage of a DWI case to preserve your rights. Many people believe that an appeal can cure any mistake that may have occurred in the lower court. This is not how New York appellate courts operate. An appellate court will only consider issues that have been preserved for review. For example, in a recent case, a driver appealed his conviction for aggravated DWI on a number of grounds. The driver’s appellate lawyer argued that the accusatory instrument contained hearsay allegations. The Court held the issue was unpreserved for review and did not...

DWI Chemical Test Refusal Hearings in New York

Having a Hearing Can be Valuable Even When Lost I have had clients, and some attorneys, who ask me, “Should I go forward with a refusal hearing?”—and despite the fact that they are unlikely to win, I tell them that I believe that they should in most cases. Participating in a refusal hearing is an excellent way to get free discovery and to cross-examine the police officer about the underlying conduct in the case—both in terms of how your client was interacting with the officer and the officer’s observations of your client. As a result, I tell my clients...

Addressing Confusion About DWI Breath Test Refusal

The Difference Between a Roadside DWI Test Refusal and Police Station DWI Test Refusal  The chemical/breath test that is commonly called the Breathalyzer test is typically performed at a police station. It should be noted that there are two levels of refusal with respect to chemical testing in New York. The first is refusal on the side of the road, which means refusing to take what is commonly called the screening test; the results of this test are inadmissible at court in any case. 

Trend Toward Increased Numbers of DWI Cases

Despite the immense pressures that are being exerted in this area—i.e., peer pressures, societal pressures, Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) advertising campaigns—there does not appear to be a slowdown in the number of DWI cases. I am one of two judges in the third busiest justice court in our county, and we have found that since 2012 there have been on average at least five brand new DWI cases on every single court date. I arraign at least twenty new DWI cases a month, as does my fellow judge, year round—again, despite all of the information that is available about the...

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Increased DWI Chemical Test Refusals and Implied Consent in New York

More New York Drivers are Refusing the DWI Chemical Test   Yet another interesting trend that I have observed developing, which I view as being very dangerous, is the fact that an increasing number of people stopped for DWI are refusing to take the chemical breath test at the police station. Indeed, in the last month I have had four or five clients who did not consent to the test, and all of them are regretting their decision. There used to be reasons why an attorney might say to a client, “It would behoove you to not take the breath test”—i.e., if the client was...

Increasing BAC and the New York Aggravated DWI Statute

Increasing BAC Levels A trend evident to both judges and lawyers is a shift toward much higher blood alcohol content (BAC) levels in DWI cases. During my initial training on prosecuting alcohol related offense at the New York State Police Academy, we were told that a BAC of over 2.0 was considered rare, and that if the BAC was 3.0 or higher the subject would likely be unconscious or close to it. However, over the last five years I have observed that the BAC levels in DWI cases are climbing ever higher. Indeed, there was a time when two or more years would pass before I would see a DWI...

Juries in DWI Cases are Tougher on Defendants

Over the course of the past two decades I have observed a major shift in how juries view drivers who are charged with alcohol-related offenses. From the late 1980s through the early 2000s, the prevailing view of a DWI jury—whether it was a misdemeanor or a felony DWI jury—seemed to be, “There but for the grace of God go I.” Indeed, as I often explain to clients, a DWI is the one serious offense that impacts people from all walks of life. My DWI clients have included lawyers, judges, police officers, architects, engineers, and doctors. However, over the last eight...

What are the penalties for a Felony DWI Conviction?

A Felony DWI charge will be filed as either a class D or E depending on the circumstances. Repeat offenders and defendants with a child in the car are at risk. Learn more

What is driving while ability impaired (DWAI)?

Driving while intoxicated (DWI) can be charged as either a misdemeanor or felony offense whereas as charge of driving while ability impaired (DWAI) is a violation and therefore non-criminal.  A conviction for the first DWAI, either after trial or as a result of plea bargain, is a non-criminal offense and the penalties are: A fine between $300-$500 and up to 15 days in jail, or both a fine and jail. A Court surcharge of $265. A DMV Driver Responsibility fine of $250 each year for 3 years for a total of $750. A Period of Probation, Conditional Discharge, or up to 15...

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Featured DWI Articles

David C. Bruffett, Jr., "Inside the Minds: Strategies for Defending DWI Cases in New York"

Published by Aspatore Books

DWI Defense Strategies

 

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